Robinson Crusoe (1719) – Daniel Defoe
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Robinson Crusoe is an English adventure novel by Daniel Defoe, first published in 1719 and sometimes regarded as the first novel in English. The book is a fictional autobiography of the title character, an English castaway who spends 28 years on a desert island. This device, presenting an account of supposedly factual events, is known as a “false document“, and gives a realistic frame story.
The term “Robinsonade” has been coined to describe the genre of stories similar to Robinson Crusoe.