Édith Scob was a French actress best-known for Eyes Without a Face (1959) in which she played a horribly disfigured young woman wearing a mask and whose dad, a surgeon, is going to provide her with a face transplant, an instance of the the mad doctor and new flesh plot.
In Holy Motors, Scob wears an near-identical mask.
Eyes Without a Face (1959), best scenes set to music by Aalborg Soundtracks
Holy Motors (2012), trailer
Summer Hours (2008), trailer